Improvement in Hispanics’ CRC Knowledge and Awareness using the Inflatable Caribe Colon

Gabriela M. Portilla-Skerrett, Yaritza Díaz-Algorri, Marievelisse Soto-Salgado, Marcia Cruz-Correa


Objective: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the most common cause of cancer death in Puerto Rico (PR). CRC screening rates among PR Hispanics aged ≥ 50 years (57.5%) are below the Healthy People 2020 recommendations (70.5%). Low screening rates can be attributed to lack of education, and beliefs and knowledge about CRC screening procedures. This study evaluated the effectiveness of the Caribe Colon inflatable colon model in two community events as an educational tool to increase CRC knowledge, awareness, and intention to undergo CRC screening. Methods: Participants (aged ≥ 40 years and with no previous CRC history) completed a pre- and post- questionnaire, and took the tour of the Caribe Colon. Results were analyzed using Exact McNemar’s test and paired t-test. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to identify factors associated with likelihood to get screened. Results: After completing the tour, survey responses (n=154) revealed a significant increase in CRC knowledge and awareness (p<0.0001). Multivariable logistic regression models showed that fear of CRC screening procedures was the primary independent factor for not getting screened after adjusting for age, gender, education, regular visits to a primary care physician, insurance, and history of CRC screening (p=0.006). Conclusion: Future studies should focus on understanding and reducing barriers to CRC screening including fear. Patients more knowledgeable about CRC screening procedures may have less fear for CRC screening. Furthermore, educational strategies need to be reinforced to reduce fear; this may lead to an increase in CRC screening rates among Hispanics.


Colorectal cancer, Hispanics, three-dimensional colon model, patient education, cancer prevention and control

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