Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome in a Normotensive Child after Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation

Ömer Kartal, Orhan Gürsel, Bülent Ünay, Kemal Niyazi Arda, Erman Atas


Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is an uncommon clinicoradiological syndrome that is characterized by acute neurological symptoms such as headache, convulsion, visual disturbance, and altered consciousness. The characteristic magnetic resonance (MR) finding is vasogenic edema, predominantly in the subcortical areas of the posterior parietal and occipital lobes on T2‑weighted and fluid‑attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) sequences. Herein, we described a rare case of PRES induced by cyclosporine (CsA) after an allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) from a sibling donor.


hematopoietic stem cell transplantation; cyclosporine; posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome

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